Pakistan is ranked in ‘Tier 2’ in the US yearly TIP report for the third year in a row.

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Pakistan is ranked in ‘Tier 2’ in the US yearly TIP report for the third year in a row.

In this year’s TIP report, the US State Department commends Pakistan’s government for its enhanced efforts to combat human trafficking.

WASHINGTON: For the third year in a row, from 2022, Pakistan has been ranked in the second tier of the US State Department’s annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report.
Pakistan is ranked in 'Tier 2' in the US yearly TIP report for the third year in a row.
Migrants who were rescued at open sea off Greece along with other migrants, after their boat capsized, sit inside a warehouse, used as shelter, at the port of Kalamata, Greece on June 15, 2023.

The study, which was made public on Monday, divides nations into three groups according to how well they have implemented the US Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) and how well they have combated human trafficking.

Countries that are not entirely complying with the TVPA but are making “significant efforts” are included in Tier 2, whereas Tier 1 implies conformity with the TVPA and active efforts to combat trafficking.

If approved by the US president, countries in Tier 3 may be subject to penalties or limitations on US aid, including support unrelated to humanitarian efforts.

In the report, Pakistan and India, its neighbor, are ranked equally because they both “do not meet the minimum standards for ending human trafficking.”

Nonetheless, the research made clear that both nations’ governments are making a concerted effort to achieve these requirements, which accounts for their ranking on the list.

Furthermore, the report stated that with more human traffickers being prosecuted and punished, Pakistan’s government has shown “an overall greater effort than the previous report”.

The report further stated that traffickers in human beings “exploit domestic, foreign nationals in Pakistan and India”.

The “biggest human trafficking problem” in both nations, according to the report, is “forced labor,” with 4.5 million people stuck in Pakistan.

According to the research, human traffickers use forced labor in carpet, coal, agricultural, and kilns.

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